Preliminary Arizona Winter School 2024: Symmetries of root systems and local fields
The Preliminary Arizona Winter School (PAWS) is a virtual program on topics related to the upcoming AWS, with an intended audience of advanced undergraduate students and junior graduate students.
Registration is now closed; the deadline to apply was July 26th, 2024. Videos, notes, and problem sets will be available at this page for anyone who missed the registration deadline.
Format: The program will run for 9 weeks, alternating between 5 weeks of lectures and 4 weeks of problem sets (with a TA session)
Each lecturer will be accompanied by graduate student assistants, who will be in charge of writing weekly problem sets and facilitating weekly, hourlong problem solving and discussion meetings with groups of students. Recommended background for the program is a first course in abstract algebra.
The school will feature an online (Zulip) discussion board where students can ask questions and interact with the speakers and assistants outside of scheduled meeting times.
We will facilitate additional virtual events, some purely social to build a community, and some more structured sessions on timely and pertinent topics like "What is graduate school in Math like?", "Tips for applying to graduate school this Fall," "How do I navigate the first year of graduate school?" "How do I look for an thesis advisor?", "How to get the most out of the upcoming AWS."
We encourage undergraduate students to take their PAWS course as an independent study with a faculty member at their home institution.
 Organizers: Renee Bell, Isabel Vogt, David ZureickBrown (main organizers)
with Alina Bucur, Brandon Levin, Padma Srinivasan, Anthony VárillyAlvarado, and Hang Xue
 Please contact aws@swcmath.org with any questions.
 Funded by the National Science Foundation.
September 23rd — November 22nd, 2024
PAWS 2024 consists of two concurrent lecture series.

A root system is a "very symmetrical" set of vectors in ndimensional Euclidean space. The classical motivation for studying root systems is their role in the classification of semisimple Lie algebras, i.e. classical and exceptional groups, over the complex numbers. The root datum has connections to the Langlands dual group as well as Lfunctions. Thus, root systems have connections to representation theory, number theory, algebra, geometry, and physics.
We will outline the classification of root systems and discuss Dynkin diagrams. We will also define the Weyl group of a root system and show some examples of using root systems in the Langlands program.
 Notes
 Video:
 Problem Sets:

In 1897, Kurt Hensel introduced the padic numbers as a way to apply techniques involving power series within the context of number theory. The padic numbers are an example of a local fieldthat is, a field arising as a suitable completion of either a number field or a function field over a finite field. In modern number theory, many deep questions about the arithmetic of number fields have been approached by first investigating their local versions, with applications ranging from Diophantine geometry to the Langlands program.
Starting from discrete valuations, this course will explore the theory of local fields. The first half of the course will focus on arithmetic properties of local fields, highlighting applications of Hensel's lemma to quadratic forms. In the second half of the course, we will shift to the Galois theory of local fields, with an emphasis on ramification groups. Time permitting, we will conclude the course with an application of local Galois theory to the proof of the KroneckerWeber Theorem.
 Notes
 Videos:
 Problem Sets:

Assisted by Problem Session Leaders:
Devjani Basu, Marcella Manivel, Mishty Ray, Ajmain Yamin (Emory), and
Jacksyn Bakeberg, Thomas Browning, Anna Dietrich, Sidney Washburn (Hsu)